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Learn The Basic Ways On How To Read A Ruler

  • Posted on March 6, 2018 at 2:12 am

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By John Grant

A basic skill that all people should know for a wide variety of applications is the skill of reading a ruler. Learning how to read a ruler can be complicated at first, but just knowing the basic measurements can help one to establish further ability to read a ruler.

In most woodworking plans, learning how to read a ruler is essential. Even in grade school, learning how to read a ruler is a basic knowledge. How to read a ruler properly is most important when trying to get an accurate measurement as in building a structure or even while doing your homework back in school. Inaccurate measurements will result to a disarrayed and unorganized output when working on woodworks such as furniture making.

In learning how to read a ruler, there are symbols that are involved to represent the unit of measurements used in rulers. For instance, the symbol of quote () is used to represent the unit of inches. The symbol of apostrophe () is used to represent the unit of feet.

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A more concrete example on how to read a ruler will be to represent three feet eleven and three eighths inches as represented by the symbol 311-3/8. Another basic foundation on how to read a ruler will be to become familiar with the little marks found on it.

In the United States a standard tape measure or ruler is divided into inches and feet. There are 12 inches in one foot. The inches unit is then subdivided into numbers of lines that are of different lengths. The unit of measurement grows larger as the length of the lines grows longer.

In an inch the longest line in the middle marks the half inch and there is only one of this line in an inch. There are two one quarter of an inch line or which is represented by the next shortest line in an inch. There are four shorter lines that mark one eighth of an inch or 1/8 and there are eight shortest lines that mark one sixteenth of an inch (1/16). In some more precise rulers, they extend to represent the 1/32 mark on the ruler.

But in most typical rulers, the smallest measurement unit is set to 1/16. Counting the distance in an inch, there are sixteen lines that represent an inch to be 16/16th long. However, in order to avoid complicated measurement, we often express the fractional units into its largest unit hence an inch.

Therefore it follows that when you have 8 lines which basically represent the unit of 8/16 the largest possible unit of this measurement will be half an inch (1/2). With 4 lines this represents the unit of 4/16 that is equals to a quarter inch or .

When learning how to read a ruler, it would be hard at first to recognize the various lengths and the different measurement units they represent. But with constant practice and intense study one can easily learn how to read a ruler from the basic measurement to a more complicated reading of a ruler.

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Parking Lot Lighting

  • Posted on October 17, 2017 at 2:13 am

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By Russell Neal

Parking lot lighting represents an investment that every commercial entity must make to successfully operate a business. By law, every parking lot must have 3-4 foot-candles of light evenly distributed across the pavement. Businesses who ignore or neglect this requirement may find themselves subject to heavy penalties in the form of costly fines. Companies can avert this by upgrading their parking lot lights either to increase luminosity to legal levels or to more aesthetically illuminate the facility and add a decorative touch to the lot that compliments the architecture and landscaping of the property.

Many people do not realize how detrimental glare can be to the human eye. Surprisingly enough, glare can actually aid criminal mischief because it prevents a person under attack from clearly seeing in the bright light reflected from fixtures, windows, and windshields. Professional outdoor lighting contractors can solve the problem of glare with parking lot lights housed in shoebox fixtures (so named because they look like shoeboxes.) These fixtures output the same level of light as do other fixtures but filter it in such a fashion as to disperse light photons just enough that they ‘wash’ the parking lot in light rather than ‘beaming’ intense light onto highly reflective metal and glass.

Public squares, parks, restaurants, and nightclubs can improve their security with this simple upgrade that maintains both the welfare of customers and the reputation of the business as a safe place to be after dark. Upon client request, electrical designers can take safety one-step further by linking the lights in the parking lot to the security system. They can install lights with sensors that automatically shine the lights from dusk till dawn, or we can link parking lot lights to a timer that turns them on the moment the office closes.

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Parking lot lighting can be as ornamental as it is utilitarian when deployed by the expert designers like Houston’s Illuminations Lighting and Design. Parking lot poles come in a number of sizes and styles that add a decorative touch that contributes to entertainment, romance, and luxury. For restaurants, shopping centers, and commercial facilities we normally install standard parking lot light poles that measure from 25 feet on up to 45 feet in height. This proves very cost effective for businesses with exceptionally large parking lots because a smaller number of tall poles cast a greater field of light across the pavement.

For smaller lots adjoining parks, or for parking facilities surrounding luxury hotels, country clubs, and resorts, 12-16 foot poles with ornamental bases and fixtures add an elegant compliment to the lighting theme. Ornamental parking lot lights can be extended into the green space surrounding the pavement as well. In many public parks and private corporate parks one or two ornamental light poles placed adjacent to statuary and water features provides both a physically decorative element and an extra touch of light that accentuates foliage, sidewalks, streams, and walkway bridges.

Because parking lot lights require continuous power consumption, companies can reduce their overhead by using metal halide fixtures that produce a very bright, white light and consume less power than do older, now outdated parking lot lights. While specialty lighting design, advanced technology, and ornamental housing do require an investment, the return on investment is well worth the upgrade. Reduced power costs and improved security that minimizes crime and possible, associated liabilities are cost benefits businesses and luxury facilities can clearly measure on their annual reports over the years to come.

About the Author: Illuminations Lighting and Design multi-specializes in five major disciplines and continues to lead the way as Texas’s premier outdoor lighting, landscape lighting, and commercial lighting systems and service vendor. Visit and for more information.


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